History

Knott's Berry Farm History


Timeline

The year was 1920 when Walter and Cordelia Knott moved to the then-sleepy community of Buena Park, Calif. to farm 20 acres of rented land. Today, that land is part of 160-acre Knott's Berry Farm, America's first theme park and the 12th most-visited amusement park in the country. And, while the Knott Family no longer owns the venerable attraction, the Knott spirit of hard work and down-home hospitality lives on in new owner Cedar Fair, L.P., who acquired Knott's Berry Farm in December 1997.

The Knotts' first winter on the Farm was unseasonably cold and much of their first crop was ruined by frost. But relying on his ability to make the most of what he had, Walter initiated his practice of selling directly to grocers, thus eliminating costly middlemen, and was able to realize a small profit. Walter's keen eye for sound enterprise and his dogged determination to succeed were attributes which became evident early in his boyhood years and remained solid through his life and career. His father died when he was six and by the time he was nine, Walter was raising vegetables on vacant lots, selling the produce in the morning before school and delivering newspapers in the evenings to help supplement the family income. In 1927, Knott bought ten acres of land. The Depression hit a year later and land prices dropped. While maintaining the original payments, Walter bought an additional ten acres at the lower price and spent the last of the family's savings to build an adobe structure that became the Farm's first permanent building. Ready for occupancy in 1928, the building was 80 feet long and housed a tea-room, berry market and nursery where berry plants were sold.

By now, the Knotts had four children - son Russell and daughters Virginia, Toni and Marion - and, working together, they formed a family bond that prevailed throughout the years. It was not until the 1930s that Walter became associated with the "boysenberry" which would became the family trademark. Nearby, Anaheim Parks Superintendent Rudolph Boysen had experimented with a new strain of berry but the plants kept dying on the vine. Walter took the scraggly plants, nurtured them to health and named the new berry - a cross between a loganberry, red raspberry and blackberry - after its originator. Today, all boysenberries in the world can trace their roots to Knott's Berry Farm. As another means of staving off Depression hardships, Cordelia began selling jams and jellies made from Walter's berries. These were soon followed by home-baked pies, hot biscuits and sandwiches. Then, on a night in June 1934, Cordelia served eight fried chicken dinners on her wedding china - for the all-inclusive price of 65 cents each - and the world's largest chicken dinner restaurant was born. Today, the Chicken Dinner Restaurant seats more than 900 guests at a time, serves more than 1. 5 million guests each year, and is the largest full-service restaurant that serves chicken as its main course.

The success of the chicken dinners was immediate and by 1940 the restaurant was serving as many as 4,000 dinners on Sunday evenings. To give waiting customers something to do and to pay homage to the pioneering spirit of his grandparents and his love of the Old West, Walter developed Ghost Town, eventually the first of Knott's Berry Farm's six themed areas. The first structure was the Gold Trails Hotel, which had originally been constructed in Prescott, Ariz. in 1868. Adhering to authenticity, Walter brought in other buildings from deserted ghost towns and Knott's Ghost Town as it exists today emerged. Additions were made as the years passed. In the 1960s, the Calico Mine Ride and Timber Mountain Log Ride were added and Knott's built its second themed area: Fiesta Village, a tribute to California's early Spanish heritage. The third themed area opened in 1975 - Roaring 20s (re-themed in 1996 into The Boardwalk) - featuring the Corkscrew, the world's first looping coaster. In 1983, Knott's debuted a first in the amusement park industry with its six-acre Camp Snoopy, the world's first theme park "land" designed specifically for kids. Wild Water Wilderness, a four-acre outdoor river wilderness area featuring the whitewater rafting ride Bigfoot Rapids, was added in 1988, followed by Indian Trails in 1993. It was also the Knotts' decision to build the country's only brick-by-brick replica of Independence Hall, complete with an exact replica of the Liberty Bell, as a free-admission educational resources for Farm guests and Orange County residents.

Cordelia Knott died in 1974 at the age of 84 and Walter Knott continued to live on the Farm he loved until his death in 1981 - a week before his 92nd birthday. The Knott Family maintained operation of Knott's Berry Farm until its friendly acquisition by Cedar Fair, L.P. in December 1997. In keeping with Walter and Cordelia's original goals, Knott's Berry Farm continues to combine quality, wholesome family entertainment with nostalgia and history. Cedar Fair is currently expanding Knott's Berry Farm with the most new rides, shows and attractions in the park's history, while maintaining those simpler features that continue to make it "The Theme Park Californians Call Home®."

1920
The Knott family arrives in the sleepy community of Buena Park and begins farming 20 acres of land on Highway 39 (now Beach Blvd).

1928
The first permanent building is erected to house Cordelia Knott’s tea room and berry market. The farm is christened Knott’s Berry Place.

1932
Walter Knott begins propagating the new boysenberry plant, a curious cross between the red raspberry, blackberry and loganberry.

1934
To make ends meet during the Great Depression, Cordelia serves her first chicken dinners on her wedding china for 65 cents each.

1937
Walter and Cordelia expand their tea room into a genuine restaurant
complete with separate kitchen, dining rooms and parking lots. Despite serving 1,774 dinners on Thanksgiving Day, Cordelia insists she’s still not in the restaurant business.

1939
Daughter Virginia sets up a souvenir table in the Chicken Dinner Restaurant, founding the country’s first theme park souvenir shop.

1940
In an attempt to entertain the thousands of restaurant customers lining up each day, Walter relocates the Gold Trails Hotel to the Farm from Prescott, Ariz. To the hotel’s lobby Walter adds the Farm’s first attraction: “The Covered Wagon Show,” a cyclorama depicting the Knott family’s journey West. The hotel and cyclorama form the basis for Ghost Town, the first themed area of Knott’s Berry Farm.

1947
Knott’s Berry Place is officially renamed Knott’s Berry Farm.

1951
The Calico Saloon, incorporating many of the most popular elements of old saloons throughout the West, opens serving sarsaparilla and boysenberry punch on Calico Square.

1952
Walter buys America’s last operating narrow-gauge railroad, the Denver and Rio Grande, and moves it in its entirety to Knott’s Berry Farm. The steam-powered train is christened the Ghost Town & Calico Railroad, proving a perfect addition to growing Ghost Town.

1954
The Bird Cage Theatre opens in Ghost Town as the home of the country’s only daily acting melodrama troupe. A replica of the Bird Cage in Tombstone, Ariz., the Theatre goes on to serve as the training ground for Steve Martin and countless other actors and
actresses.

1955
Walter and Cordelia attend the July 18 opening ceremonies of Disneyland, and return to find the Farm parking lot filled to capacity. Despite rumors to the contrary, Knott’s Berry Farm continues to thrive, enjoying its best year ever.

1960
The Calico Mine Ride, an ingenious trip into the depths of an Old West mine, opens to rave reviews. Its creative use of themed and special effects sets a new standard for future Knott’s attractions.

1966
Walter completes construction on a brick-by-brick replica of Independence Hall, complete with cracked, 2,075-pound Liberty Bell.

1968
The amusement park is enclosed and a general admission fee is charged for the first time ($1.00).

1969
The Calico Logging Co. (later the Timber Mountain Log Ride) opens as one of the first log flume rides in the U.S. Fiesta Village also debuts.

1971
The 2,100-seat John Wayne Theatre (now the Charles M. Schulz Theatre) opens on June 19. California Governor Ronald Reagan and John Wayne himself preside over the celebrity-filled opening ceremonies, which The Knotty Post employee newsletter describes as “the biggest event ever held on the Farm.”

1972
Knott’s transforms itself into Knott’s Scary Farm for its first-ever Halloween Haunt® the world’s first amusement park Halloween promotion. The event remains the industry standard, breaking attendance records every year.

1974

Cordelia Knott dies on April 23 at the age of 84.

1975
The Corkscrew, the world’s first 360-degree roller coaster, opens as the centerpiece of the Roaring 20’s themed area. Another highlight of Roaring 20’s is Knott’s Bear-y Tales, a fantasy dark ride featuring the Bear-y family.

1976
The 20-story Sky Jump and Sky Cabin – patterned after an attraction at New York’s Coney Island – provide a breathtaking new addition to Roaring 20’s. The new attraction helps make July 4, 1976 the biggest attendance day in Knott’s history to that point.

1978
Knott’s opens its second roller coaster, Montezooma’s Revenge, in Fiesta Village. The ride takes riders from 0 to 55 mph in five seconds.

1981
Walter Knott dies on Dec. 3 – one week before his 92nd birthday. Amusement park veteran Terry E. Van Gorder takes the helm as Knott’s first non-family president and CEO.

1983
Camp Snoopy, the park’s six-acre wonderland for kids, opens July 1 as the official home of Snoopy and the Peanuts gang. It is the first area of any amusement park designed solely for kids under 12.

1985
Knott’s Berry Farm is magically transformed into Knott’s Merry Farm as the park hosts its first Ghost Town Christmas Crafts Festival.

1986
Another dimension to Roaring 20’s is added with the opening of Pacific Pavilion, home of education-oriented marine mammal shows.

1987

Knott’s foreshadows the dinosaur craze by replacing Knott’s Bear-y Tales with Kingdom of the Dinosaurs, a trek into prehistory complete
with 21 fully animated creatures and environmental special effects. The expertly timed new attraction helps make the year one of the best on record.

1988
Knott’s Berry Farm becomes only the fourth park in the world to receive the coveted Amusement Business/Liseberg Applause Award, awarded biannually to the amusement park whose management, operations and creative accomplishments have inspired the industry with its foresight, originality and sound business development.

Bigfoot Rapids, an untamed journey down the longest man-made river in the West, opens in the new Wild Water Wilderness themed area.

Knott’s introduces its “Adventures in Education” program, making learning “come alive” for Southern California students of all ages through in-park educational tours and school assemblies.

1990
The Corkscrew is replaced by Boomerang, a European-designed roller coaster that takes guests upside down six times in less than a minute. Ghost Town celebrates its 50th Anniversary.

1991
Knott’s opens its first off-site restaurant, Mrs. Knott’s Restaurant and Bakery, in the Southern California communities of Irvine and Moreno Valley. A third restaurant in Mission Viejo opens a year later.

1992
Indian Trails, Knott’s two-acre Native American interpretive center, debuts on the outskirts of Ghost Town.

Knott’s Camp Snoopy is unveiled as the six-acre centerpiece of Minneapolis’ Mall of America, the country’s largest shopping center. Boasting rides, live shows, family attractions, shops and restaurants, it remains the world’s largest indoor themed amusement park.

1993
Knott’s serves as the host park for the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions (IAAPA) convention in Los
Angeles.

1994
Knott’s dazzles audiences with Mystery Lodge™, a magical journey into the Native North American West and the park’s most technically advanced project ever.

1995
Knott’s Berry Farm celebrates its 75th Anniversary with a year of festivities and special events highlighted by the summer debut of Jaguar!™, The Streaking Big Cat of Roller Coasters!

1996
Knott’s re-energizes the Roaring 20’s, incorporating a score of rousing new entertainment concepts. The Boardwalk salutes the vigor, vitality and variety of Southern California’s legendary seaside culture.

1997
Windjammer Surf Racers blows onto The Boardwalk. The nation’s first major outdoor dual-track steel racing roller coaster pits jammer against jammer through side-by-side vertical loops, six story drops,dives and a spiraling finale.

Cedar Fair Entertainment Company of Sandusky, Ohio acquires Knott’s Berry Farm. The acquisition puts Knott’s on the New York Stock Exchange for the first time.

1998
GhostRider, the longest and fastest wooden roller coaster in the west opens.

Supreme Scream, the world’s tallest descending thrill ride debuts as Orange County’s tallest structure. Knott’s acquires the adjacent Buena Park Hotel.

2000
Upon completion of a $24 million renovation the former Buena Park Hotel is unveiled as the Radisson Resort Knott’s Berry Farm featuring 320 elegant rooms including a PEANUTS themed wing. Knott’s Southern California Resort evolves as Soak City, a separately gated water adventure park opens on a former parking lot. The 2,100 seat Good Time Theatre is renamed the Charles M. Schulz Theatre dedicated to the legacy of Charles Schulz, the creator of Snoopy and the Peanuts Gang.


2002
Replacing Windjammer, Xcelerator, a high-octane thrill ride launching riders 0-82 mph in just 2.3 seconds straight up 205 feet at a 90-degree ascent and an immediate 90-degree descent, opens in The Boardwalk Area.

Russell Knott, the second eldest child of Walter and Cordelia Knott, dies at the age of 86.

Knott's Berry Farm’s alter ego, Knott’s Scary Farm, celebrates the 30th anniversary of Halloween Haunt®, the amusement industry’s first ever and longest running Halloween themed event.

2003
Camp Snoopy, home of Charles Schulz’s lovable beagle, Snoopy, and the rest of the PEANUTS gang, celebrates it’s 20th Anniversary at Knott’s Berry Farm. In honor of this anniversary, the all-new Camp Snoopy Theatre opens as the new home of the Peanuts gang’s musical variety shows. Snoopy’s alter ego, Joe Cool, gets his own new ride, Joe Cool’s GR8 SK8, the fifteenth attraction in the six-acre children’s area.

Rachel (Toni) Knott Oliphant, the third child of Walter and Cordelia Knott, dies at the age of 86.

Virginia Knott-Bender, the oldest child of Walter and Cordelia Knott, dies at the age of 90.

2004
Four new attractions make their debut at Knott’s in 2004. RipTide - a soaring, spinning thrill ride with 720? of attitude makes waves in The Boardwalk; Lucy’s Tugboat sets sail in Camp Snoopy; and Screamin’ Swing pushes riders higher than mom or dad ever could. And on December 7, Silver Bullet® streaks into Knott’s. The $16 million suspended coaster sends its riders upside down six times through a cobra roll, outside vertical loop, corkscrews, and flat spins all while travelling under 3,125 feet of steel track!

2006
America’s oldest themed amusement park proves once again its commitment to enhancing the guest experience by announcing plans to add a new water attraction and restaurant.

Recently ranked as one of the top family-friendly restaurants in markets across the United States by Citysearch, Johnny Rockets® takes up residence at America’s most family-friendly theme park, Knott’s Berry Farm. Known for it’s all-American diner look and feel, Johnny Rockets® offers delicious food, swinging servers and great jukebox music.

2007
Knott’s debuts its first spinning coaster, Sierra Sidewinder which take guests through banks, turns and dips all while rotating on its axis! Located at the entrance of Camp Snoopy, this coaster put a whole new spin on fun.

2008
Knott's Berry Farm sets out on a mission to deliver “First Class” thrills with the opening of their coaster, Pony Express, which arrives in Ghost Town on Memorial Day Weekend. Named after the famous Pony Express which promised a faster mail service on the North American continent, Knott’s Pony Express sends guests on a horseback relay at speeds never imagined in the Old West!

2009
Mrs. Knott’s Chicken Dinner Restaurant, a Southern California dining institution celebrates its 75th anniversary in 2009. This world-famous restaurant offers the same legendary multi-course meals and warm neighborly atmosphere that have kept tourists, locals and celebrities coming back since 1934. Today, Mrs. Knott’s Chicken Dinner Restaurant serves an average of 1,000 chickens daily, making it the world’s largest, full service, single location chicken restaurant in the world with seating for 1,000 in eight separate dining rooms.

2010
Continuing the tradition of offering fantastic food at affordable prices, Knott’s welcomes the world famous Pink’s Hot Dogs to the Marketplace shopping and dining area. A part of LA culture for over 70 years, Pink’s has long been a destination for hot dog lovers everywhere.

To celebrate the Peanuts 60th Anniversary, Knott’s Berry Farm debuts a new nighttime light show that showcases the Peanuts Gang and reminds us why our heart still belongs to good ol’ Charlie Brown. Camp Snoopy comes alive with a continuous light show filled with Peanuts’ three dimensional figures, themed music, sound effects, voice-overs and colorful projections of the Peanuts’ characters. In “Snoopy’s Starlight Spectacular” guests will see their favorite characters in scenes that personify them – Lucy’s dream of being a Hollywood starlet, Schroeder’s musical genius, even Woodstock gets into the act as he and Snoopy go on a camping adventure.

2012
Knott's celebrates the 60th Anniversary of the Ghost Town and Calico Railroad with a Golden Spike Ceremony and the re-naming of engine 41 to the "Walter K." after Knott's founder Walter Knott. Walter and Cordelia's only living offspring, Marion Knott, is in attendance and christens the engine with boysenberry juice.

2013
Knott’s introduces Knott’s Berry Bloom, a new season of fun that celebrates the spring with a variety of new offerings. The Search for the Easter Beagle scavenger hunt invites kids to scurry across the park to find Snoopy, and Peanuts’ Party in the Park gets everyone dancing in the streets in a new interactive live musical revue.

Perilous Plunge closes permanently so construction can begin on exciting new attractions in the re-imagined Boardwalk area. This multi-million dollar undertaking includes a family coaster named Coast Rider, Surfside Gliders, on which riders pilot their own two-person aircraft for a scenic view of Boardwalk Bay, and the return of the classic Pacific Scrambler.

The Timber Mountain Log Ride, a beloved Knott’s attraction and one of the oldest log flume rides in the country undergoes a massive refurbishment. The restoration upgrades all of the ride figurines and sets and brings new scenes and characters to the enhanced ride experience, while still maintaining the original theme and storyline of the attraction.

2014
Knott’s Berry Farm is proud to announce two major projects for 2014 that continue reinvestment in the park’s rich history and heritage. Camp Snoopy celebrates its 30th Anniversary with the revitalization of the entire land of High Sierra fun. The classic Calico Mine Ride, Knott’s first major attraction and theme park industry icon, will undergo an all-encompassing refurbishment complete with new state-of-the-art animatronic figures and enhanced scenery. Camp Snoopy’s area beautification and the revitalized Calico Mine Ride are slated to open early summer of 2014.